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Analysis

What’s Wrong with DoPT Model Roster? : Proposing A Just Alternative

The existing method of preparing post based 200-point roster is critically analysed highlighting the manner in which the two fundamental principles proposed by the DoPT hamper proper representation through reservation. How the existing roster subverts the constitutional principle of equality of opportunity through several clusters of reserved and unreserved posts is clearly explained. The random and clustered allocation of posts among reserved categories, which became the focal point of Allahabad High Court judgement in 2017 and the subsequent move to dilute reservation through a UGC directive dt. 05 March 2018 asking for department wise roster instead of university / college / institution wise roster, is explained. To remove these limitations, a new modified process of formulating roster is proposed using the surplus method. This roster guaranties the proper implementation of reservation. The manner in which the clustered distribution of posts is replaced with an alternate distribution of posts is outlined. This ensures that at no serial number of post in the roster, reservation exceeds the prescribed percentage (27% + 15% + 7.5% = 49.5%) and the share of unreserved positions at every serial number of post is more than 50.5%.

Introduction

The question of reservation in employment, despite constitutional approval, has always been highly sensitive in India. It is also true that the so-called sensitive nature of the issue stems from the absolute indifference to democratic process and an utter insensitivity of our society to the question of adequate representation of various sections of society in administrative and other public funded offices. This insensitivity has led to the complete manipulation of principles of reservation in almost all offices (Singh, 1995; SCTC, 2015). Consequently, even after 65 years of adopting it, the representation of deprived sections in public funded institutions is much below the required/desirable level. The problem of representation is all the more acute in the case of academic institutions (SCTC, 2015; UGC, 2006). Mandated reservation in academic positions has not been implemented for various reasons such as deliberate denial/manipulations and ambiguous roster (DU, 2013). As a result, the representation of other backward class (OBC), scheduled caste (SC), scheduled tribe (ST) and persons with disability (PwD) together in the assistant professor cadre of central universities and their colleges is very less. The share of these categories in associate professor and professor cadres is even lesser.

It is in this backdrop that the University Grants Commission’s (UGC) letter dated 05 March 2018 directing all central universities and their colleges to recast the existing 200-point roster by taking department as a unit instead of regarding university / college as a unit assumes significance (UGC, 2018; DoPT, 1997). Even the existing 200-point roster with university / college as a unit is heavily tilted in favor of unreserved (UR) appointments. This is evident from the Government of India, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension (Department of Personnel and Training), i.e., DoPT model roster, where greater number of posts are earmarked for UR in the beginning of the roster. This imbalance is compensated by stacking reserved positions towards the end of the roster (DU, 2013; DoPT, 1997). Hence, as per the existing practice, when posts in university/college are sequenced department wise, by arranging departments alphabetically, the departments that are placed in the beginning will have more UR posts denying appointments to reserved categories in these departments and those that come last will have clusters of reserved posts denying appointments to UR. It is this situation that was challenged in the Allahabad High Court and the subsequent judgement directing UGC to make department wise roster (UGC, 2018; AHC, 2017).

Another issue with the existing DoPT 200-point model roster is the way in which posts are earmarked for various categories (DoPT, 1997). The underlying principle here is to fix positions by dividing 100 by the percentage earmarked for each category. Thus, positions for reserved categories are fixed as follows: OBC by 100/27 for SC by 100/15 and for ST by 100/7.5 which is 3.7, 6.7 and 13.3 respectively. So, the 4th position goes to the OBC, 7th position to SC and 14th position to ST. This means in the first 13 posts; 9 posts are earmarked to the UR (69.23%) and only 4 posts are allocated to reserved categories (30.77%) which is far below the constitutional mandate of 49.5% i.e. 27% (OBC) + 15% (SC) + 7.5% (ST). So, departments where posts are below 13 in number, which is normally the case in most of the universities and colleges, the representation of reserved categories in the faculty will continue to be dismal (UGC, 2018; AHC, 2017).

The existing roster makes it difficult to account for the introduction / bifurcation / merging / closing / renaming of departments / centres or sanctioning / slashing of posts in a particular department. Any such act has the potential to affect the entire roster and provides loopholes for manipulations in the name of fluctuating workload due to the nature of new scheme of courses such as Choice Based Credit System (DDUC, 2014). These incongruities unique to university / college rosters are a result of sequencing already appointed posts department wise and by arranging departments alphabetically instead of arranging posts according to the date of appointments as with the DoPT (DU, 2013; AHC, 2017).

In this paper, we take a critical look at the present DoPT post based 200-point model roster implemented for central government jobs. We follow this up with a proposal for a more equitable and progressive roster for direct recruitments, especially for academic institutions.

Critical Analysis of Present DoPT Post Based 200-Point Roster

A post based model roster was issued by Department of Personal and Training (DoPT) through its Office Memorandum (O. M.) number 36012/2/96-Estt. (Res) dated 02.07.1997 (DoPT, 1997). This O. M. was issued consequent to the Supreme Court judgment in the case of R.K. Sabharwal & Others vs. State of Punjab (Singh, 1995). It basically lays down as to how the roster is to be applied for the public funded jobs for unreserved and reserved (OBC, SC and ST) categories. As per the DoPT, the model roster of reservation with reference to post for direct recruitment on all India basis by open competition (Table-1) “have been drawn up keeping in mind two fundamental principles” (DoPT, 1997):

  1. Reservation for the entitled categories is to be kept within the prescribed percentage of reservation.
  2. The total reservation should not in no case exceed 50% of the cadre.

The first principle, however, is impossible to follow as only by earmarking the last post in the roster at serial number of post 200 can a category have its prescribed percentage. Since there are three categories (OBC, SC and ST) any two of them will have to be allotted posts before reaching the prescribed percentage. For instance, the SC, whose entitlement is 14.85% according to this principle, is allotted the 15th post at serial number of post 99. The same violation is repeated at serial no. of post 198 for ST and at 199 for SC (Table 1). If this principle is to be followed, the prescribed percentage can never be achieved. In other words, the only purpose of this principle is to delay the allocation of posts to reserved categories. The clusters of posts for reserved categories and UR in the roster is a consequence of this principle (DoPT, 1997). As is evident from Table-1, in the DoPT model roster, there are many clusters of reserved categories posts towards the end of the roster: 3 clusters of 4 posts, 160-163, 186-189, 197-200; 12 clusters of 3, 14-16, 26-28, 40-42, 54-56, 67-69, 80-82, 93-95, 107-109, 119-121, 134-136, 147-149, 174-176 and 12 clusters of two. Therefore, in small departments, where these seats fall, the principle of not exceeding 50 percent is violated (AHC, 2017). In addition, in the post based 200-point model roster, at serial no. of posts 186-189 and 197-200 all positions are reserved for OBC, SC and ST categories; thereby, any department in which these serial no. of posts fall will only have reserved posts. Why do we have these four or three or two continuous posts reserved to SC/ST/OBC? The explanation is concealed in the model roster itself. The UR is allocated a larger proportion of seats in the beginning of the roster and to compensate the shortfall, the reserved categories are given more posts towards the end (Table-1).

In the existing roster, except for three serial no. of posts at 99 (SC), 198 (ST), and 199 (SC), the reserved categories are allocated posts only on or after reaching integer and not on fraction. Thus, the first position of post reserved for OBC comes at 4th serial no. of post. Similarly, the first reserved post for SC and ST comes at 7th and 14th serial no. of posts respectively denying the possibility of representation from these categories in small cadres. The reserved categories positions are only allocated on completing the prescribed share of entitlement or percentage for the respective categories and all fraction points are transferred to UR. Thus, the required percentage for categories is completed only after the required share of entitlement is met (Table 1).

Table 1: Present post based 200-point model roster showing share of entitlement for and surplus value of all categories, posts earmarked and cluster of posts for direct recruitment on all India basis by open competition (DoPT, 1997).

Serial No. of Posts Share of entitlement Actual surplus (Entitled Ratio – Post earmarked up to that Serial No. of Post) Post earmarked Cluster of Posts
UR (50.5%) OBC (27%) SC (15%) ST (7.5%) UR OBC SC ST    
1 0.505 0.27 0.15 0.075 0.505-0=0.505 0.27-0=0.27 0.15-0=0.15 0.075-0=0.075 UR-1 3

Unreserved

2 1.01 0.54 0.3 0.15 1.01-1=0.01 0.54-0=0.54 0.3-0=0.3 0.15-0=0.15 UR-2
3 1.515 0.81 0.45 0.225 1.515-2=-0.485 0.81-0=0.81 0.45-0=0.45 0.225-0=0.225 UR-3
4 2.02 1.08 0.6 0.3 2.02-3=-0.98 1.08-0=1.08 0.6-0=0.6 0.3-0=0.3 OBC-1
5 2.525 1.35 0.75 0.375 2.525-3=-0.475 1.35-1=0.35 0.75-0=0.75 0.375-0=0.375 UR-4 2

Unreserved

6 3.03 1.62 0.9 0.45 3.03-4=-0.97 1.62-1=0.62 0.9-0=0.9 0.45-0=0.45 UR-5
7 3.535 1.89 1.05 0.525 3.535-5=-1.465 1.89-1=0.89 1.05-0=1.05 0.525-0=0.525 SC-1 2

Reserved

8 4.04 2.16 1.2 0.6 4.04-5=-0.96 2.16-1=1.16 1.2-1=0.2 0.6-0=0.6 OBC-2
9 4.545 2.43 1.35 0.675 4.545-5=-0.455 2.43-2=0.43 1.35-1=0.35 0.675-0=0.675 UR-6 3

Unreserved

10 5.05 2.7 1.5 0.75 5.05-6=-0.95 2.7-2=0.7 1.5-1=0.5 0.75-0=0.75 UR-7
11 5.555 2.97 1.65 0.825 5.555-7=-1.445 2.97-2=0.97 1.65-1=0.65 0.825-0=0.825 UR-8
12 6.06 3.24 1.8 0.9 6.06-8=-1.94 3.24-2=1.24 1.8-1=0.8 0.9-0=0.9 OBC-3
13 6.565 3.51 1.95 0.975 6.565-8=-1.435 3.51-3=0.51 1.95-1=0.95 0.975-0=0.975 UR-9
14 7.07 3.78 2.1 1.05 7.07-9=-1.93 3.78-3=0.78 2.1-1=1.1 1.05-0=1.05 ST-1 3

Reserved

15 7.575 4.05 2.25 1.125 7.575-9=-1.425 4.05-3=1.05 2.25-1=1.25 1.125-1=0.125 SC-2
16 8.08 4.32 2.4 1.2 8.08-9=-0.92 4.32-3=1.32 2.4-2=0.4 1.2-1=0.2 OBC-4
17 8.585 4.59 2.55 1.275 8.585-9=-0.415 4.59-4=0.59 2.55-2=0.55 1.275-1=0.275 UR-10 2

Unreserved

18 9.09 4.86 2.7 1.35 9.09-10=-0.91 4.86-4=0.86 2.7-2=0.7 1.35-1=0.35 UR-11
19 9.595 5.13 2.85 1.425 9.595-11=-1.405 5.13-4=1.13 2.85-2=0.85 1.425-1=0.425 OBC-5 2

Reserved

20 10.1 5.4 3 1.5 10.1-11=-0.9 5.4-5=0.4 3-2=1 1.5-1=0.5 SC-3
21 10.605 5.67 3.15 1.575 10.605-11=-0.395 5.67-5=0.67 3.15-3=0.15 1.575-1=0.575 UR-12 2

Unreserved

22 11.11 5.94 3.3 1.65 11.11-12=-0.89 5.94-5=0.94 3.3-3=0.3 1.65-1=0.65 UR-13
23 11.615 6.21 3.45 1.725 11.615-13=-1.385 6.21-5=1.21 3.45-3=0.45 1.725-1=0.725 OBC-6
24 12.12 6.48 3.6 1.8 12.12-13=-0.88 6.48-6=0.48 3.6-3=0.6 1.8-1=0.8 UR-14 2

Unreserved

25 12.625 6.75 3.75 1.875 12.625-14=-1.375 6.75-6=0.75 3.75-3=0.75 1.875-1=0.875 UR-15
26 13.13 7.02 3.9 1.95 13.13-15=-1.87 7.02-6=1.02 3.9-3=0.9 1.95-1=0.95 OBC-7 3

Reserved

27 13.635 7.29 4.05 2.025 13.635-15=-1.365 7.29-7=0.29 4.05-3=1.05 2.025-1=1.025 SC-4
28 14.14 7.56 4.2 2.1 14.14-15=-0.86 7.56-7=0.56 4.2-4=0.2 2.1-1=1.1 ST-2
29 14.645 7.83 4.35 2.175 14.645-15=-0.355 7.83-7=0.83 4.35-4=0.35 2.175-2=0.175 UR-16
30 15.15 8.1 4.5 2.25 15.15-16=-0.85 8.1-7=1.1 4.5-4=0.5 2.25-2=0.25 OBC-8
31 15.655 8.37 4.65 2.325 15.655-16=-0.345 8.37-8=0.37 4.65-4=0.65 2.325-2=0.325 UR-17 3

Unreserved

32 16.16 8.64 4.8 2.4 16.16-17=-0.84 8.64-8=0.64 4.8-4=0.8 2.4-2=0.4 UR-18
33 16.665 8.91 4.95 2.475 16.665-18=-1.335 8.91-8=0.91 4.95-4=0.95 2.475-2=0.475 UR-19
34 17.17 9.18 5.1 2.55 17.17-19=-1.83 9.18-8=1.18 5.1-4=1.1 2.55-2=0.55 OBC-9 2

Reserved

35 17.675 9.45 5.25 2.625 17.675-19=-1.325 9.45-9=0.45 5.25-4=1.25 2.625-2=0.625 SC-5
36 18.18 9.72 5.4 2.7 18.18-19=-0.82 9.72-9=0.72 5.4-5=0.4 2.7-2=0.7 UR-20 2

Unreserved

37 18.685 9.99 5.55 2.775 18.685-20=-1.315 9.99-9=0.99 5.55-5=0.55 2.775-2=0.775 UR-21
38 19.19 10.26 5.7 2.85 19.19-21=-1.81 10.26-9=1.26 5.7-5=0.7 2.85-2=0.85 OBC-10
39 19.695 10.53 5.85 2.925 19.695-21=-1.305 10.53-10=0.53 5.85-5=0.85 2.925-2=0.925 UR-22
40 20.2 10.8 6 3 20.2-22=-1.8 10.8-10=0.8 6-5=1 3-2=1 ST-3 3

Reserved

41 20.705 11.07 6.15 3.075 20.705-22=-1.295 11.07-10=1.07 6.15-5=1.15 3.075-3=0.075 SC-3
42 21.21 11.34 6.3 3.15 21.21-22=-0.79 11.34-10=1.34 6.3-6=0.3 3.15-3=0.15 OBC-11
43 21.715 11.61 6.45 3.225 21.715-22=-0.285 11.61-11=0.61 6.45-6=0.45 3.225-3=0.225 UR-23 2

Unreserved

44 22.22 11.88 6.6 3.3 22.22-23=-0.78 11.88-11=0.88 6.6-6=0.6 3.3-3=0.3 UR-24
45 22.725 12.15 6.75 3.375 22.725-24=-1.275 12.15-11=1.15 6.75-6=0.75 3.375-3=0.375 OBC-12
46 23.23 12.42 6.9 3.45 23.23-24=-0.77 12.42-12=0.42 6.9-6=0.9 3.45-3=0.45 UR-25
47 23.735 12.69 7.05 3.525 23.735-25=-1.265 12.69-12=0.69 7.05-6=1.05 3.525-3=0.525 SC-7
48 24.24 12.96 7.2 3.6 24.24-25=-0.76 12.96-12=0.96 7.2-7=0.2 3.6-3=0.6 UR-26
49 24.745 13.23 7.35 3.675 24.745-26=-1.255 13.23-12=1.23 7.35-7=0.35 3.675-3=0.675 OBC-13
50 25.25 13.5 7.5 3.75 25.25-26=-0.75 13.5-13=0.5 7.5-7=0.5 3.75-3=0.75 UR-27 2

Unreserved

51 25.755 13.77 7.65 3.825 25.755-27=-1.245 13.77-13=0.77 7.65-7=0.65 3.825-3=0.825 UR-28
52 26.26 14.04 7.8 3.9 26.26-28=-1.74 14.04-13=1.04 7.8-7=0.8 3.9-3=0.9 OBC-14
53 26.765 14.31 7.95 3.975 26.765-28=-1.235 14.31-14=0.31 7.95-7=0.95 3.975-3=0.975 UR-29
54 27.27 14.58 8.1 4.05 27.27-29=-1.73 14.58-14=0.58 8.1-7=1.1 4.05-3=1.05 SC-8 3

Reserved

55 27.775 14.85 8.25 4.125 27.775-29=-1.225 14.85-14=0.85 8.25-8=0.25 4.125-3=1.125 ST-4
56 28.28 15.12 8.4 4.2 28.28-29=-0.72 15.12-14=1.12 8.4-8=0.4 4.2-4=0.2 OBC-15
57 28.785 15.39 8.55 4.275 28.785-29=-0.215 15.39-15=0.39 8.55-8=0.55 4.275-4=0.275 UR-30 3

Unreserved

58 29.29 15.66 8.7 4.35 29.29-30=-0.71 15.66-15=0.66 8.7-8=0.7 4.35-4=0.35 UR-31
59 29.795 15.93 8.85 4.425 29.795-31=-1.205 15.93-15=0.93 8.85-8=0.85 4.425-4=0.425 UR-32
60 30.3 16.2 9 4.5 30.3-32=-1.7 16.2-15=1.2 9-8=1 4.5-4=0.5 OBC-16 2

Reserved

61 30.805 16.47 9.15 4.575 30.805-32=-1.195 16.47-16=0.47 9.15-8=1.15 4.575-4=0.575 SC-9
62 31.31 16.74 9.3 4.65 31.31-32=-0.69 16.74-16=0.74 9.3-9=0.3 4.65-4=0.65 UR-33
63 31.815 17.01 9.45 4.725 31.815-33=-1.185 17.01-16=1.01 9.45-9=0.45 4.725-4=0.725 OBC-17
64 32.32 17.28 9.6 4.8 32.32-33=-0.68 17.28-17=0.28 9.6-9=0.6 4.8-4=0.8 UR-34 3

Unreserved

65 32.825 17.55 9.75 4.875 32.825-34=-1.175 17.55-17=0.55 9.75-9=0.75 4.875-4=0.875 UR-35
66 33.33 17.82 9.9 4.95 33.33-35=-1.67 17.82-17=0.82 9.9-9=0.9 4.95-4=0.95 UR-36
67 33.835 18.09 10.05 5.025 33.835-36=-2.165 18.09-17=1.09 10.05-9=1.05 5.025-4=1.025 OBC-18 3

Reserved

68 34.34 18.36 10.2 5.1 34.34-36=-1.66 18.36-18=0.36 10.2-9=1.2 5.1-4=1.1 SC-10
69 34.845 18.63 10.35 5.175 34.845-36=-1.155 18.63-18=0.63 10.35-10=0.35 5.175-4=1.175 ST-5
70 35.35 18.9 10.5 5.25 35.35-36=-0.65 18.9-18=0.9 10.5-10=0.5 5.25-5=0.25 UR-37
71 35.855 19.17 10.65 5.325 35.855-37=-1.145 19.17-18=1.17 10.65-10=0.65 5.325-5=0.325 OBC-19
72 36.36 19.44 10.8 5.4 36.36-37=-0.64 19.44-19=0.44 10.8-10=0.8 5.4-5=0.4 UR-38 2

Unreserved

73 36.865 19.71 10.95 5.475 36.865-38=-1.135 19.71-19=0.71 10.95-10=0.95 5.475-5=0.475 UR-39
74 37.37 19.98 11.1 5.55 37.37-39=-1.63 19.98-19=0.98 11.1-10=1.1 5.55-5=0.55 SC-11 2

Reserved

75 37.875 20.25 11.25 5.625 37.875-39=-1.125 20.25-19=1.25 11.25-11=0.25 5.625-5=0.625 OBC-20
76 38.38 20.52 11.4 5.7 38.38-39=-0.62 20.52-20=0.52 11.4-11=0.4 5.7-5=0.7 UR-40 3

Unreserved

77 38.885 20.79 11.55 5.775 38.885-40=-1.115 20.79-20=0.79 11.55-11=0.55 5.775-5=0.775 UR-41
78 39.39 21.06 11.7 5.85 39.39-41=-1.61 21.06-20=1.06 11.7-11=0.7 5.85-5=0.85 OBC-21
79 39.895 21.33 11.85 5.925 39.895-41=-1.105 21.33-21=0.33 11.85-11=0.85 5.925-5=0.925 UR-42
80 40.4 21.6 12 6 40.4-42=-1.6 21.6-21=0.6 12-11=1 6-5=1 ST-6 3

Reserved

81 40.905 21.87 12.15 6.075 40.905-42=-1.095 21.87-21=0.87 12.15-11=1.15 6.075-6=0.075 SC-12
82 41.41 22.14 12.3 6.15 41.41-42=-0.59 22.14-21=1.14 12.3-12=0.3 6.15-6=0.15 OBC-22
83 41.915 22.41 12.45 6.225 41.915-42=-0.085 22.41-22=0.41 12.45-12=0.45 6.225-6=0.225 UR-43 3

Unreserved

84 42.42 22.68 12.6 6.3 42.42-43=-0.58 22.68-22=0.68 12.6-12=0.6 6.3-6=0.3 UR-44
85 42.925 22.95 12.75 6.375 42.925-44=-1.075 22.95-22=0.95 12.75-12=0.75 6.375-6=0.375 UR-45
86 43.43 23.22 12.9 6.45 43.43-45=-1.57 23.22-22=1.22 12.9-12=0.9 6.45-6=0.45 OBC-23 2

Reserved

87 43.935 23.49 13.05 6.525 43.935-45=-1.065 23.49-23=0.49 13.05-12=1.05 6.525-6=0.525 SC-13
88 44.44 23.76 13.2 6.6 44.44-45=-0.56 23.76-23=0.76 13.2-13=0.2 6.6-6=0.6 UR-46
89 44.945 24.03 13.35 6.675 44.945-46=-1.055 24.03-23=1.03 13.35-13=0.35 6.675-6=0.675 OBC-24
90 45.45 24.3 13.5 6.75 45.45-46=-0.55 24.3-24=0.3 13.5-13=0.5 6.75-6=0.75 UR-47 3

Unreserved

91 45.955 24.57 13.65 6.825 45.955-47=-1.045 24.57-24=0.57 13.65-13=0.65 6.825-6=0.825 UR-48
92 46.46 24.84 13.8 6.9 46.46-48=-1.54 24.84-24=0.84 13.8-13=0.8 6.9-6=0.9 UR-49
93 46.965 25.11 13.95 6.975 46.965-49=-2.035 25.11-24=1.11 13.95-13=0.95 6.975-6=0.975 OBC-25 3

Reserved

94 47.47 25.38 14.1 7.05 47.47-49=-1.53 25.38-25=0.38 14.1-13=1.1 7.05-6=1.05 SC-14
95 47.975 25.65 14.25 7.125 47.975-49=-1.025 25.65-25=0.65 14.25-14=0.25 7.125-6=1.125 ST-7
96 48.48 25.92 14.4 7.2 48.48-49=-0.52 25.92-25=0.92 14.4-14=0.4 7.2-7=0.2 UR-50
97 48.985 26.19 14.55 7.275 48.985-50=-1.015 26.19-25=1.19 14.55-14=0.55 7.275-7=0.275 OBC-26
98 49.49 26.46 14.7 7.35 49.49-50=-0.51 26.46-26=0.46 14.7-14=0.7 7.35-7=0.35 UR-51
99 49.995 26.73 14.85 7.425 49.995-51=-1.005 26.73-26=0.73 14.85-14=0.85 7.425-7=0.425 SC-15 2

Reserved

100 50.5 27 15 7.5 50.5-51=-0.5 27-26=1 15-15=0 7.5-7=0.5 OBC-27
101 51.005 27.27 15.15 7.575 51.005-51=0.005 27.27-27=0.27 15.15-15=0.15 7.575-7=0.575 UR-52 3

Unreserved

102 51.51 27.54 15.3 7.65 51.51-52=-0.49 27.54-27=0.54 15.3-15=0.3 7.65-7=0.65 UR-53
103 52.015 27.81 15.45 7.725 52.015-53=-0.985 27.81-27=0.81 15.45-15=0.45 7.725-7=0.725 UR-54
104 52.52 28.08 15.6 7.8 52.52-54=-1.48 28.08-27=1.08 15.6-15=0.6 7.8-7=0.8 OBC-28
105 53.025 28.35 15.75 7.875 53.025-54=-0.975 28.35-28=0.35 15.75-15=0.75 7.875-7=0.875 UR-55 2

Unreserved

106 53.53 28.62 15.9 7.95 53.53-55=-1.47 28.62-28=0.62 15.9-15=0.9 7.95-7=0.95 UR-56
107 54.035 28.89 16.05 8.025 54.035-56=-1.965 28.89-28=0.89 16.05-15=1.05 8.025-7=1.025 SC-16 3

Reserved

108 54.54 29.16 16.2 8.1 54.54-56=-1.46 29.16-28=1.16 16.2-16=0.2 8.1-7=1.1 ST-8
109 55.045 29.43 16.35 8.175 55.045-56=-0.955 29.43-28=1.43 16.35-16=0.35 8.175-8=0.175 OBC-29
110 55.55 29.7 16.5 8.25 55.55-56=-0.45 29.7-29=0.7 16.5-16=0.5 8.25-8=0.25 UR-57 2

Unreserved

111 56.055 29.97 16.65 8.325 56.055-57=-0.945 29.97-29=0.97 16.65-16=0.65 8.325-8=0.325 UR-58
112 56.56 30.24 16.8 8.4 56.56-58=-1.44 30.24-29=1.24 16.8-16=0.8 8.4-8=0.4 OBC-30
113 57.065 30.51 16.95 8.475 57.065-58=-0.935 30.51-30=0.51 16.95-16=0.95 8.475-8=0.475 UR-59
114 57.57 30.78 17.1 8.55 57.57-59=-1.43 30.78-30=0.78 17.1-16=1.1 8.55-8=0.55 SC-17 2

Reserved

115 58.075 31.05 17.25 8.625 58.075-59=-0.925 31.05-30=1.05 17.25-17=0.25 8.625-8=0.625 OBC-31
116 58.58 31.32 17.4 8.7 58.58-59=-0.42 31.32-31=0.32 17.4-17=0.4 8.7-8=0.7 UR-60 3

Unreserved

117 59.085 31.59 17.55 8.775 59.085-60=-0.915 31.59-31=0.59 17.55-17=0.55 8.775-8=0.775 UR-61
118 59.59 31.86 17.7 8.85 59.59-61=-1.41 31.86-31=0.86 17.7-17=0.7 8.85-8=0.85 UR-62
119 60.095 32.13 17.85 8.925 60.095-62=-1.905 32.13-31=1.13 17.85-17=0.85 8.925-8=0.925 OBC-32 3

Reserved

120 60.6 32.4 18 9 60.6-62=-1.4 32.4-32=0.4 18-17=1 9-8=1 ST-9
121 61.105 32.67 18.15 9.075 61.105-62=-0.895 32.67-32=0.67 18.15-17=1.15 9.075-9=0.075 SC-18
122 61.61 32.94 18.3 9.15 61.61-62=-0.39 32.94-32=0.94 18.3-18=0.3 9.15-9=0.15 UR-63
123 62.115 33.21 18.45 9.225 62.115-63=-0.885 33.21-32=1.21 18.45-18=0.45 9.225-9=0.225 OBC-33
124 62.62 33.48 18.6 9.3 62.62-63=-0.38 33.48-33=0.48 18.6-18=0.6 9.3-9=0.3 UR-64 2

Unreserved

125 63.125 33.75 18.75 9.375 63.125-64=-0.875 33.75-33=0.75 18.75-18=0.75 9.375-9=0.375 UR-65
126 63.63 34.02 18.9 9.45 63.63-65=-1.37 34.02-33=1.02 18.9-18=0.9 9.45-9=0.45 OBC-34 2

Reserved

127 64.135 34.29 19.05 9.525 64.135-65=-0.865 34.29-34=0.29 19.05-18=1.05 9.525-9=0.525 SC-19
128 64.64 34.56 19.2 9.6 64.64-65=-0.36 34.56-34=0.56 19.2-19=0.2 9.6-9=0.6 UR-66 2

Unreserved

129 65.145 34.83 19.35 9.675 65.145-66=-0.855 34.83-34=0.83 19.35-19=0.35 9.675-9=0.675 UR-67
130 65.65 35.1 19.5 9.75 65.65-67=-1.35 35.1-34=1.1 19.5-19=0.5 9.75-9=0.75 OBC-35
131 66.155 35.37 19.65 9.825 66.155-67=-0.845 35.37-35=0.37 19.65-19=0.65 9.825-9=0.825 UR-68 3

Unreserved

132 66.66 35.64 19.8 9.9 66.66-68=-1.34 35.64-35=0.64 19.8-19=0.8 9.9-9=0.9 UR-69
133 67.165 35.91 19.95 9.975 67.165-69=-1.835 35.91-35=0.91 19.95-19=0.95 9.975-9=0.975 UR-70
134 67.67 36.18 20.1 10.05 67.67-70=-2.33 36.18-35=1.18 20.1-19=1.1 10.05-9=1.05 OBC-36 2

Reserved

135 68.175 36.45 20.25 10.125 68.175-70=-1.825 36.45-36=0.45 20.25-19=1.25 10.125-9=1.125 SC-20
136 68.68 36.72 20.4 10.2 68.68-70=-1.32 36.72-36=0.72 20.4-20=0.4 10.2-9=1.2 ST-10
137 69.185 36.99 20.55 10.275 69.185-70=-0.815 36.99-36=0.99 20.55-20=0.55 10.275-10=0.275 UR-71
138 69.69 37.26 20.7 10.35 69.69-71=-1.31 37.26-36=1.26 20.7-20=0.7 10.35-10=0.35 OBC-37
139 70.195 37.53 20.85 10.425 70.195-71=-0.805 37.53-37=0.53 20.85-20=0.85 10.425-10=0.425 UR-72
140 70.7 37.8 21 10.5 70.7-72=-1.3 37.8-37=0.8 21-20=1 10.5-10=0.5 SC-21 2

Reserved

141 71.205 38.07 21.15 10.575 71.205-72=-0.795 38.07-37=1.07 21.15-21=0.15 10.575-10=0.575 OBC-38
142 71.71 38.34 21.3 10.65 71.71-72=-0.29 38.34-38=0.34 21.3-21=0.3 10.65-10=0.65 UR-73 3

Unreserved

143 72.215 38.61 21.45 10.725 72.215-73=-0.785 38.61-38=0.61 21.45-21=0.45 10.725-10=0.725 UR-74
144 72.72 38.88 21.6 10.8 72.72-74=-1.28 38.88-38=0.88 21.6-21=0.6 10.8-10=0.8 UR-75
145 73.225 39.15 21.75 10.875 73.225-75=-1.775 39.15-38=1.15 21.75-21=0.75 10.875-10=0.875 OBC-39
146 73.73 39.42 21.9 10.95 73.73-75=-1.27 39.42-39=0.42 21.9-21=0.9 10.95-10=0.95 UR-76
147 74.235 39.69 22.05 11.025 74.235-76=-1.765 39.69-39=0.69 22.05-21=1.05 11.025-10=1.025 SC-22 3

Reserved

148 74.74 39.96 22.2 11.1 74.74-76=-1.26 39.96-39=0.96 22.2-22=0.2 11.1-10=1.1 ST-11
149 75.245 40.23 22.35 11.175 75.245-76=-0.755 40.23-39=1.23 22.35-22=0.35 11.175-11=0.175 OBC-40
150 75.75 40.5 22.5 11.25 75.75-76=-0.25 40.5-40=0.5 22.5-22=0.5 11.25-11=0.25 UR-77 2

Unreserved

151 76.255 40.77 22.65 11.325 76.255-77=-0.745 40.77-40=0.77 22.65-22=0.65 11.325-11=0.325 UR-78
152 76.76 41.04 22.8 11.4 76.76-78=-1.24 41.04-40=1.04 22.8-22=0.8 11.4-11=0.4 OBC-41
153 77.265 41.31 22.95 11.475 77.265-78=-0.735 41.31-41=0.31 22.95-22=0.95 11.475-11=0.475 UR-79
154 77.77 41.58 23.1 11.55 77.77-79=-1.23 41.58-41=0.58 23.1-22=1.1 11.55-11=0.55 SC-23
155 78.275 41.85 23.25 11.625 78.275-79=-0.725 41.85-41=0.85 23.25-23=0.25 11.625-11=0.625 UR-80
156 78.78 42.12 23.4 11.7 78.78-80=-1.22 42.12-41=1.12 23.4-23=0.4 11.7-11=0.7 OBC-42
157 79.285 42.39 23.55 11.775 79.285-80=-0.715 42.39-42=0.39 23.55-23=0.55 11.775-11=0.775 UR-81 3

Unreserved

158 79.79 42.66 23.7 11.85 79.79-81=-1.21 42.66-42=0.66 23.7-23=0.7 11.85-11=0.85 UR-82
159 80.295 42.93 23.85 11.925 80.295-82=-1.705 42.93-42=0.93 23.85-23=0.85 11.925-11=0.925 UR-83
160 80.8 43.2 24 12 80.8-83=-2.2 43.2-42=1.2 24-23=1 12-11=1 ST-12 4

Reserved

161 81.305 43.47 24.15 12.075 81.305-83=-1.695 43.47-42=1.47 24.15-23=1.15 12.075-12=0.075 OBC-43
162 81.81 43.74 24.3 12.15 81.81-83=-1.19 43.74-43=0.74 24.3-23=1.3 12.15-12=0.15 SC-24
163 82.315 44.01 24.45 12.225 82.315-83=-0.685 44.01-43=1.01 24.45-24=0.45 12.225-12=0.225 OBC-44
164 82.82 44.28 24.6 12.3 82.82-83=-0.18 44.28-44=0.28 24.6-24=0.6 12.3-12=0.3 UR-84 3

Unreserved

165 83.325 44.55 24.75 12.375 83.325-84=-0.675 44.55-44=0.55 24.75-24=0.75 12.375-12=0.375 UR-85
166 83.83 44.82 24.9 12.45 83.83-85=-1.17 44.82-44=0.82 24.9-24=0.9 12.45-12=0.45 UR-86
167 84.335 45.09 25.05 12.525 84.335-86=-1.665 45.09-44=1.09 25.05-24=1.05 12.525-12=0.525 OBC-45 2

Reserved

168 84.84 45.36 25.2 12.6 84.84-86=-1.16 45.36-45=0.36 25.2-24=1.2 12.6-12=0.6 SC-25
169 85.345 45.63 25.35 12.675 85.345-86=-0.655 45.63-45=0.63 25.35-25=0.35 12.675-12=0.675 UR-87 3

Unreserved

170 85.85 45.9 25.5 12.75 85.85-87=-1.15 45.9-45=0.9 25.5-25=0.5 12.75-12=0.75 UR-88
171 86.355 46.17 25.65 12.825 86.355-88=-1.645 46.17-45=1.17 25.65-25=0.65 12.825-12=0.825 OBC-46
172 86.86 46.44 25.8 12.9 86.86-88=-1.14 46.44-46=0.44 25.8-25=0.8 12.9-12=0.9 UR-89 2

Unreserved

173 87.365 46.71 25.95 12.975 87.365-89=-1.635 46.71-46=0.71 25.95-25=0.95 12.975-12=0.975 UR-90
174 87.87 46.98 26.1 13.05 87.87-90=-2.13 46.98-46=0.98 26.1-25=1.1 13.05-12=1.05 SC-26 3

Reserved

175 88.375 47.25 26.25 13.125 88.375-90=-1.625 47.25-46=1.25 26.25-26=0.25 13.125-12=1.125 ST-13
176 88.88 47.52 26.4 13.2 88.88-90=-1.12 47.52-46=1.52 26.4-26=0.4 13.2-13=0.2 OBC-47
177 89.385 47.79 26.55 13.275 89.385-90=-0.615 47.79-47=0.79 26.55-26=0.55 13.275-13=0.275 UR-91
178 89.89 48.06 26.7 13.35 89.89-91=-1.11 48.06-47=1.06 26.7-26=0.7 13.35-13=0.35 OBC-48
179 90.395 48.33 26.85 13.425 90.395-91=-0.605 48.33-48=0.33 26.85-26=0.85 13.425-13=0.425 UR-92
180 90.9 48.6 27 13.5 90.9-92=-1.1 48.6-48=0.6 27-26=1 13.5-13=0.5 SC-27
181 91.405 48.87 27.15 13.575 91.405-92=-0.595 48.87-48=0.87 27.15-27=0.15 13.575-13=0.575 UR-93
182 91.91 49.14 27.3 13.65 91.91-93=-1.09 49.14-48=1.14 27.3-27=0.3 13.65-13=0.65 OBC-49
183 92.415 49.41 27.45 13.725 92.415-93=-0.585 49.41-49=0.41 27.45-27=0.45 13.725-13=0.725 UR-94 3

Unreserved

184 92.92 49.68 27.6 13.8 92.92-94=-1.08 49.68-49=0.68 27.6-27=0.6 13.8-13=0.8 UR-95
185 93.425 49.95 27.75 13.875 93.425-95=-1.575 49.95-49=0.95 27.75-27=0.75 13.875-13=0.875 UR-96
186 93.93 50.22 27.9 13.95 93.93-96=-2.07 50.22-49=1.22 27.9-27=0.9 13.95-13=0.95 OBC-50 4

Reserved

187 94.435 50.49 28.05 14.025 94.435-96=-1.565 50.49-50=0.49 28.05-27=1.05 14.025-13=1.025 SC-28
188 94.94 50.76 28.2 14.1 94.94-96=-1.06 50.76-50=0.76 28.2-28=0.2 14.1-13=1.1 ST-14
189 95.445 51.03 28.35 14.175 95.445-96=-0.555 51.03-50=1.03 28.35-28=0.35 14.175-14=0.175 OBC-51
190 95.95 51.3 28.5 14.25 95.95-96=-0.05 51.3-51=0.3 28.5-28=0.5 14.25-14=0.25 UR-97 3

Unreserved

191 96.455 51.57 28.65 14.325 96.455-97=-0.545 51.57-51=0.57 28.65-28=0.65 14.325-14=0.325 UR-98
192 96.96 51.84 28.8 14.4 96.96-98=-1.04 51.84-51=0.84 28.8-28=0.8 14.4-14=0.4 UR-99
193 97.465 52.11 28.95 14.475 97.465-99=-1.535 52.11-51=1.11 28.95-28=0.95 14.475-14=0.475 OBC-52 2

Reserved

194 97.97 52.38 29.1 14.55 97.97-99=-1.03 52.38-52=0.38 29.1-28=1.1 14.55-14=0.55 SC-29
195 98.475 52.65 29.25 14.625 98.475-99=-0.525 52.65-52=0.65 29.25-29=0.25 14.625-14=0.625 UR-100 2

Unreserved

196 98.98 52.92 29.4 14.7 98.98-100=-1.02 52.92-52=0.92 29.4-29=0.4 14.7-14=0.7 UR-101
197 99.485 53.19 29.55 14.775 99.485-101=-1.515 53.19-52=1.19 29.55-29=0.55 14.775-14=0.775 OBC-53 4

Reserved

198 99.99 53.46 29.7 14.85 99.99-101=-1.01 53.46-53=0.46 29.7-29=0.7 14.85-14=0.85 ST-15
199 100.495 53.73 29.85 14.925 100.495-101=-0.505 53.73-53=0.73 29.85-29=0.85 14.925-15=-0.075 SC-30
200 101 54 30 15 101-101=0 54-53=1 30-30=0 15-15=0 OBC-54

In addition, the existing roster also has no clear policy regarding allocating posts if two or more reserved categories have their claim for the same serial no. of post. For instance, at the serial no. of post 14th, both SC and ST have their entitlement. However, the post is allotted to the ST arbitrarily despite SC possessing greater share of entitlement. Same is the case with the following serial no. of posts in the roster; 27, 40, 54, 67, 80, 94, 107, 120, 134, 147, 160, 174, and 187. At all these serial no. of posts two or more reserved category has entitlement but the posts are earmarked to a particular category in a random manner (Table-1).

New Proposal for Earmarking of Posts with 200-Point Post Based Roster

Keeping in mind the critical shortcomings of the DoPT model roster (DoPT, 1997) as stated above, we are proposing an alternate method of preparing the roster. This will minimize cluster of posts earmarked to unreserved and removal of cluster of posts earmarked for reserved categories.  This new proposed roster will bring about a more equitable distribution of posts to reserved categories. The proposed roster is prepared based on three principles:

  1. First, the total reservation should not be more than 49.5% at any serial number of post and the UR should always get at least 50.5% at every serial no. of post in the roster.
  2. When the surplus of UR is positive that serial no. post is earmarked to unreserved post.
  3. Among reserved categories, the category that has the maximum surplus will be allotted the post. In case the surplus value is same for two or more categories at a given serial no. of post, the post will be allotted to the one with the maximum surplus value at the previous serial no. of post.

Surplus means the entitled share of the category at a given serial no. of post minus the number of posts allotted till that serial no. of posts (Table-2). The allotment of posts among reserved categories will be done by transferring the share or surplus value of other reserved categories to the one with the higher surplus value (Table-2). According to this formula, a negative value indicates that the category (unreserved / reserved) has already been allotted more than its share of entitlement as shown in the Table-2, Figure-2 (Table-1, Figure-1 for DoPT model roster). Similarly, a positive value indicates that the category is yet to receive its share of entitlement (Tables-1 & 2, Figures-1 & 2). Through this method, a better, less discriminatory and a more just post based 200-point new roster can be made without violating any rule of reservation while ensuring every category its entitlement. This can completely stop the cluster of reserved category posts in the roster by alternate distribution of unreserved and reserved posts (Table-2). Regardless of the serial no. of post from which a department begins, the following post minimizes the imbalance between the unreserved and reserved categories.

Figure-1: Variation of surplus value with serial number of post for unreserved (UR), other backward class (OBC), scheduled caste (SC) and scheduled tribe (ST) calculated for present DoPT post based 200-point model roster.

Note: From this figure it is clear that the posts are earmarked to the UR even on negative surplus. The only serial no. of posts on which the UR is allocated posts on positive surplus are 1, 2, and 101. On the other hand, the reserved categories are allocated posts only on positive surplus and the only exception to this is the serial no. of posts at 199 for ST category. This clearly suggests the imbalance towards allocation of posts for reserved category in the present DoPT model roster.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Table-2: A new proposed post based 200-point roster showing share of entitlement for, surplus value of all categories and posts earmarked for direct recruitment on all India basis for open competition.

Serial No. of Posts Share of entitlement Surplus (Share of entitlement Post earmarked up to that Serial No. of Post) Post earmark
UR (50.5%) OBC (27%) SC (15%) ST (7.5%) UR OBC SC ST
1 0.505 0.27 0.15 0.075 0.505-0=0.505 0.27-0=0.27 0.15-0=0.15 0.075-0=0.075 UR-1
2 1.01 0.54 0.3 0.15 1.01-1=0.01 0.54-0=0.54 0.3-0=0.3 0.15-0=0.15 UR-2
3 1.515 0.81 0.45 0.225 1.515-2=-0.485 0.81-0=0.81 0.45-0=0.45 0.225-0=0.225 OBC-1
4 2.02 1.08 0.6 0.3 2.02-2=0.02 1.08-1=0.08 0.6-0=0.6 0.3-0=0.3 UR-3
5 2.525 1.35 0.75 0.375 2.525-3=-0.475 1.35-1=0.35 0.75-0=0.75 0.375-0=0.375 SC-1
6 3.03 1.62 0.9 0.45 3.03-3=0.03 1.62-1=0.62 0.9-1=-0.1 0.45-0=0.45 UR-4
7 3.535 1.89 1.05 0.525 3.535-4=-0.465 1.89-1=0.89 1.05-1=0.05 0.525-0=0.525 OBC-2
8 4.04 2.16 1.2 0.6 4.04-4=0.04 2.16-2=0.16 1.2-1=0.2 0.6-0=0.6 UR-5
9 4.545 2.43 1.35 0.675 4.545-5=-0.455 2.43-2=0.43 1.35-1=0.35 0.675-0=0.675 ST-1
10 5.05 2.7 1.5 0.75 5.05-5=0.05 2.7-2=0.7 1.5-1=0.5 0.75-1=-0.25 UR-6
11 5.555 2.97 1.65 0.825 5.555-6=-0.445 2.97-2=0.97 1.65-1=0.65 0.825-1=-0.175 OBC-3
12 6.06 3.24 1.8 0.9 6.06-6=0.06 3.24-3=0.24 1.8-1=0.8 0.9-1=-0.1 UR-7
13 6.565 3.51 1.95 0.975 6.565-7=-0.435 3.51-3=0.51 1.95-1=0.95 0.975-1=-0.025 SC-2
14 7.07 3.78 2.1 1.05 7.07-7=0.07 3.78-3=0.78 2.1-2=0.1 1.05-1=0.05 UR-8
15 7.575 4.05 2.25 1.125 7.575-8=-0.425 4.05-3=1.05 2.25-2=0.25 1.125-1=0.125 OBC-4
16 8.08 4.32 2.4 1.2 8.08-8=0.08 4.32-4=0.32 2.4-2=0.4 1.2-1=0.2 UR-9
17 8.585 4.59 2.55 1.275 8.585-9=-0.415 4.59-4=0.59 2.55-2=0.55 1.275-1=0.275 OBC-5
18 9.09 4.86 2.7 1.35 9.09-9=0.09 4.86-5=-0.14 2.7-2=0.7 1.35-1=0.35 UR-10
19 9.595 5.13 2.85 1.425 9.595-10=-0.405 5.13-5=0.13 2.85-2=0.85 1.425-1=0.425 SC-3
20 10.1 5.4 3 1.5 10.1-10=0.1 5.4-5=0.4 3-3=0 1.5-1=0.5 UR-11
21 10.605 5.67 3.15 1.575 10.605-11=-0.395 5.67-5=0.67 3.15-3=0.15 1.575-1=0.575 OBC-6
22 11.11 5.94 3.3 1.65 11.11-11=0.11 5.94-6=-0.06 3.3-3=0.3 1.65-1=0.65 UR-12
23 11.615 6.21 3.45 1.725 11.615-12=-0.385 6.21-6=0.21 3.45-3=0.45 1.725-1=0.725 ST-2
24 12.12 6.48 3.6 1.8 12.12-12=0.12 6.48-6=0.48 3.6-3=0.6 1.8-2=-0.2 UR-13
25 12.625 6.75 3.75 1.875 12.625-13=-0.375 6.75-6=0.75 3.75-3=0.75 1.875-2=-0.125 SC-4
26 13.13 7.02 3.9 1.95 13.13-13=0.13 7.02-6=1.02 3.9-4=-0.1 1.95-2=-0.05 UR-14
27 13.635 7.29 4.05 2.025 13.635-14=-0.365 7.29-6=1.29 4.05-4=0.05 2.025-2=0.025 OBC-7
28 14.14 7.56 4.2 2.1 14.14-14=0.14 7.56-7=0.56 4.2-4=0.2 2.1-2=0.1 UR-15
29 14.645 7.83 4.35 2.175 14.645-15=-0.355 7.83-7=0.83 4.35-4=0.35 2.175-2=0.175 OBC-8
30 15.15 8.1 4.5 2.25 15.15-15=0.15 8.1-8=0.1 4.5-4=0.5 2.25-2=0.25 UR-16
31 15.655 8.37 4.65 2.325 15.655-16=-0.345 8.37-8=0.37 4.65-4=0.65 2.325-2=0.325 SC-5
32 16.16 8.64 4.8 2.4 16.16-16=0.16 8.64-8=0.64 4.8-5=-0.2 2.4-2=0.4 UR-17
33 16.665 8.91 4.95 2.475 16.665-17=-0.335 8.91-8=0.91 4.95-5=-0.05 2.475-2=0.475 OBC-9
34 17.17 9.18 5.1 2.55 17.17-17=0.17 9.18-9=0.18 5.1-5=0.1 2.55-2=0.55 UR-18
35 17.675 9.45 5.25 2.625 17.675-18=-0.325 9.45-9=0.45 5.25-5=0.25 2.625-2=0.625 ST-3
36 18.18 9.72 5.4 2.7 18.18-18=0.18 9.72-9=0.72 5.4-5=0.4 2.7-3=-0.3 UR-19
37 18.685 9.99 5.55 2.775 18.685-19=-0.315 9.99-9=0.99 5.55-5=0.55 2.775-3=-0.225 OBC-10
38 19.19 10.26 5.7 2.85 19.19-19=0.19 10.26-10=0.26 5.7-5=0.7 2.85-3=-0.15 UR-20
39 19.695 10.53 5.85 2.925 19.695-20=-0.305 10.53-10=0.53 5.85-5=0.85 2.925-3=-0.075 SC-6
40 20.2 10.8 6 3 20.2-20=0.2 10.8-10=0.8 6-6=0 3-3=0 UR-21
41 20.705 11.07 6.15 3.075 20.705-21=-0.295 11.07-10=1.07 6.15-6=0.15 3.075-3=0.075 OBC-11
42 21.21 11.34 6.3 3.15 21.21-21=0.21 11.34-11=0.34 6.3-6=0.3 3.15-3=0.15 UR-22
43 21.715 11.61 6.45 3.225 21.715-22=-0.285 11.61-11=0.61 6.45-6=0.45 3.225-3=0.225 OBC-12
44 22.22 11.88 6.6 3.3 22.22-22=0.22 11.88-12=-0.12 6.6-6=0.6 3.3-3=0.3 UR-23
45 22.725 12.15 6.75 3.375 22.725-23=-0.275 12.15-12=0.15 6.75-6=0.75 3.375-3=0.375 SC-7
46 23.23 12.42 6.9 3.45 23.23-23=0.23 12.42-12=0.42 6.9-7=-0.1 3.45-3=0.45 UR-24
47 23.735 12.69 7.05 3.525 23.735-24=-0.265 12.69-12=0.69 7.05-7=0.05 3.525-3=0.525 OBC-13
48 24.24 12.96 7.2 3.6 24.24-24=0.24 12.96-13=-0.04 7.2-7=0.2 3.6-3=0.6 UR-25
49 24.745 13.23 7.35 3.675 24.745-25=-0.255 13.23-13=0.23 7.35-7=0.35 3.675-3=0.675 ST-4
50 25.25 13.5 7.5 3.75 25.25-25=0.25 13.5-13=0.5 7.5-7=0.5 3.75-4=-0.25 UR-26
51 25.755 13.77 7.65 3.825 25.755-26=-0.245 13.77-13=0.77 7.65-7=0.65 3.825-4=-0.175 OBC-14
52 26.26 14.04 7.8 3.9 26.26-26=0.26 14.04-14=0.04 7.8-7=0.8 3.9-4=-0.1 UR-27
53 26.765 14.31 7.95 3.975 26.765-27=-0.235 14.31-14=0.31 7.95-7=0.95 3.975-4=-0.025 SC-8
54 27.27 14.58 8.1 4.05 27.27-27=0.27 14.58-14=0.58 8.1-8=0.1 4.05-4=0.05 UR-28
55 27.775 14.85 8.25 4.125 27.775-28=-0.225 14.85-14=0.85 8.25-8=0.25 4.125-4=0.125 OBC-15
56 28.28 15.12 8.4 4.2 28.28-28=0.28 15.12-15=0.12 8.4-8=0.4 4.2-4=0.2 UR-29
57 28.785 15.39 8.55 4.275 28.785-29=-0.215 15.39-15=0.39 8.55-8=0.55 4.275-4=0.275 SC-9
58 29.29 15.66 8.7 4.35 29.29-29=0.29 15.66-15=0.66 8.7-9=-0.3 4.35-4=0.35 UR-30
59 29.795 15.93 8.85 4.425 29.795-30=-0.205 15.93-15=0.93 8.85-9=-0.15 4.425-4=0.425 OBC-16
60 30.3 16.2 9 4.5 30.3-30=0.3 16.2-16=0.2 9-9=0 4.5-4=0.5 UR-31
61 30.805 16.47 9.15 4.575 30.805-31=-0.195 16.47-16=0.47 9.15-9=0.15 4.575-4=0.575 ST-5
62 31.31 16.74 9.3 4.65 31.31-31=0.31 16.74-16=0.74 9.3-9=0.3 4.65-5=-0.35 UR-32
63 31.815 17.01 9.45 4.725 31.815-32=-0.185 17.01-16=1.01 9.45-9=0.45 4.725-5=-0.275 OBC-17
64 32.32 17.28 9.6 4.8 32.32-32=0.32 17.28-17=0.28 9.6-9=0.6 4.8-5=-0.2 UR-33
65 32.825 17.55 9.75 4.875 32.825-33=-0.175 17.55-17=0.55 9.75-9=0.75 4.875-5=-0.125 SC-10
66 33.33 17.82 9.9 4.95 33.33-33=0.33 17.82-17=0.82 9.9-10=-0.1 4.95-5=-0.05 UR-34
67 33.835 18.09 10.05 5.025 33.835-34=-0.165 18.09-17=1.09 10.05-10=0.05 5.025-5=0.025 OBC-18
68 34.34 18.36 10.2 5.1 34.34-34=0.34 18.36-18=0.36 10.2-10=0.2 5.1-5=0.1 UR-35
69 34.845 18.63 10.35 5.175 34.845-35=-0.155 18.63-18=0.63 10.35-10=0.35 5.175-5=0.175 OBC-19
70 35.35 18.9 10.5 5.25 35.35-35=0.35 18.9-19=-0.1 10.5-10=0.5 5.25-5=0.25 UR-36
71 35.855 19.17 10.65 5.325 35.855-36=-0.145 19.17-19=0.17 10.65-10=0.65 5.325-5=0.325 SC-11
72 36.36 19.44 10.8 5.4 36.36-36=0.36 19.44-19=0.44 10.8-11=-0.2 5.4-5=0.4 UR-37
73 36.865 19.71 10.95 5.475 36.865-37=-0.135 19.71-19=0.71 10.95-11=-0.05 5.475-5=0.475 OBC-20
74 37.37 19.98 11.1 5.55 37.37-37=0.37 19.98-20=-0.02 11.1-11=0.1 5.55-5=0.55 UR-38
75 37.875 20.25 11.25 5.625 37.875-38=-0.125 20.25-20=0.25 11.25-11=0.25 5.625-5=0.625 ST-6
76 38.38 20.52 11.4 5.7 38.38-38=0.38 20.52-20=0.52 11.4-11=0.4 5.7-6=-0.3 UR-39
77 38.885 20.79 11.55 5.775 38.885-39=-0.115 20.79-20=0.79 11.55-11=0.55 5.775-6=-0.225 OBC-21
78 39.39 21.06 11.7 5.85 39.39-39=0.39 21.06-21=0.06 11.7-11=0.7 5.85-6=-0.15 UR-40
79 39.895 21.33 11.85 5.925 39.895-40=-0.105 21.33-21=0.33 11.85-11=0.85 5.925-6=-0.075 SC-12
80 40.4 21.6 12 6 40.4-40=0.4 21.6-21=0.6 12-12=0 6-6=0 UR-41
81 40.905 21.87 12.15 6.075 40.905-41=-0.095 21.87-21=0.87 12.15-12=0.15 6.075-6=0.075 OBC-22
82 41.41 22.14 12.3 6.15 41.41-41=0.41 22.14-22=0.14 12.3-12=0.3 6.15-6=0.15 UR-42
83 41.915 22.41 12.45 6.225 41.915-42=-0.085 22.41-22=0.41 12.45-12=0.45 6.225-6=0.225 SC-13
84 42.42 22.68 12.6 6.3 42.42-42=0.42 22.68-22=0.68 12.6-13=-0.4 6.3-6=0.3 UR-43
85 42.925 22.95 12.75 6.375 42.925-43=-0.075 22.95-22=0.95 12.75-13=-0.25 6.375-6=0.375 OBC-23
86 43.43 23.22 12.9 6.45 43.43-43=0.43 23.22-23=0.22 12.9-13=-0.1 6.45-6=0.45 UR-44
87 43.935 23.49 13.05 6.525 43.935-44=-0.065 23.49-23=0.49 13.05-13=0.05 6.525-6=0.525 ST-7
88 44.44 23.76 13.2 6.6 44.44-44=0.44 23.76-23=0.76 13.2-13=0.2 6.6-7=-0.4 UR-45
89 44.945 24.03 13.35 6.675 44.945-45=-0.055 24.03-23=1.03 13.35-13=0.35 6.675-7=-0.325 OBC-24
90 45.45 24.3 13.5 6.75 45.45-45=0.45 24.3-24=0.3 13.5-13=0.5 6.75-7=-0.25 UR-46
91 45.955 24.57 13.65 6.825 45.955-46=-0.045 24.57-24=0.57 13.65-13=0.65 6.825-7=-0.175 SC-14
92 46.46 24.84 13.8 6.9 46.46-46=0.46 24.84-24=0.84 13.8-14=-0.2 6.9-7=-0.1 UR-47
93 46.965 25.11 13.95 6.975 46.965-47=-0.035 25.11-24=1.11 13.95-14=-0.05 6.975-7=-0.025 OBC-25
94 47.47 25.38 14.1 7.05 47.47-47=0.47 25.38-25=0.38 14.1-14=0.1 7.05-7=0.05 UR-48
95 47.975 25.65 14.25 7.125 47.975-48=-0.025 25.65-25=0.65 14.25-14=0.25 7.125-7=0.125 OBC-26
96 48.48 25.92 14.4 7.2 48.48-48=0.48 25.92-26=-0.08 14.4-14=0.4 7.2-7=0.2 UR-49
97 48.985 26.19 14.55 7.275 48.985-49=-0.015 26.19-26=0.19 14.55-14=0.55 7.275-7=0.275 SC-15
98 49.49 26.46 14.7 7.35 49.49-49=0.49 26.46-26=0.46 14.7-15=-0.3 7.35-7=0.35 UR-50
99 49.995 26.73 14.85 7.425 49.995-50=-0.005 26.73-26=0.73 14.85-15=-0.15 7.425-7=0.425 OBC-27
100 50.5 27 15 7.5 50.5-50=0.5 27-27=0 15-15=0 7.5-7=0.5 UR-51
101 51.005 27.27 15.15 7.575 51.005-51=0.005 27.27-27=0.27 15.15-15=0.15 7.575-7=0.575 UR-52
102 51.51 27.54 15.3 7.65 51.51-52=-0.49 27.54-27=0.54 15.3-15=0.3 7.65-7=0.65 ST-8
103 52.015 27.81 15.45 7.725 52.015-52=0.015 27.81-27=0.81 15.45-15=0.45 7.725-8=-0.275 UR-53
104 52.52 28.08 15.6 7.8 52.52-53=-0.48 28.08-27=1.08 15.6-15=0.6 7.8-8=-0.2 OBC-28
105 53.025 28.35 15.75 7.875 53.025-53=0.025 28.35-28=0.35 15.75-15=0.75 7.875-8=-0.125 UR-54
106 53.53 28.62 15.9 7.95 53.53-54=-0.47 28.62-28=0.62 15.9-15=0.9 7.95-8=-0.05 SC-16
107 54.035 28.89 16.05 8.025 54.035-54=0.035 28.89-28=0.89 16.05-16=0.05 8.025-8=0.025 UR-55
108 54.54 29.16 16.2 8.1 54.54-55=-0.46 29.16-28=1.16 16.2-16=0.2 8.1-8=0.1 OBC-29
109 55.045 29.43 16.35 8.175 55.045-55=0.045 29.43-29=0.43 16.35-16=0.35 8.175-8=0.175 UR-56
110 55.55 29.7 16.5 8.25 55.55-56=-0.45 29.7-29=0.7 16.5-16=0.5 8.25-8=0.25 OBC-30
111 56.055 29.97 16.65 8.325 56.055-56=0.055 29.97-30=-0.03 16.65-16=0.65 8.325-8=0.325 UR-57
112 56.56 30.24 16.8 8.4 56.56-57=-0.44 30.24-30=0.24 16.8-16=0.8 8.4-8=0.4 SC-17
113 57.065 30.51 16.95 8.475 57.065-57=0.065 30.51-30=0.51 16.95-17=-0.05 8.475-8=0.475 UR-58
114 57.57 30.78 17.1 8.55 57.57-58=-0.43 30.78-30=0.78 17.1-17=0.1 8.55-8=0.55 OBC-31
115 58.075 31.05 17.25 8.625 58.075-58=0.075 31.05-31=0.05 17.25-17=0.25 8.625-8=0.625 UR-59
116 58.58 31.32 17.4 8.7 58.58-59=-0.42 31.32-31=0.32 17.4-17=0.4 8.7-8=0.7 ST-9
117 59.085 31.59 17.55 8.775 59.085-59=0.085 31.59-31=0.59 17.55-17=0.55 8.775-9=-0.225 UR-60
118 59.59 31.86 17.7 8.85 59.59-60=-0.41 31.86-31=0.86 17.7-17=0.7 8.85-9=-0.15 OBC-32
119 60.095 32.13 17.85 8.925 60.095-60=0.095 32.13-32=0.13 17.85-17=0.85 8.925-9=-0.075 UR-61
120 60.6 32.4 18 9 60.6-61=-0.4 32.4-32=0.4 18-17=1 9-9=0 SC-18
121 61.105 32.67 18.15 9.075 61.105-61=0.105 32.67-32=0.67 18.15-18=0.15 9.075-9=0.075 UR-62
122 61.61 32.94 18.3 9.15 61.61-62=-0.39 32.94-32=0.94 18.3-18=0.3 9.15-9=0.15 OBC-33
123 62.115 33.21 18.45 9.225 62.115-62=0.115 33.21-33=0.21 18.45-18=0.45 9.225-9=0.225 UR-63
124 62.62 33.48 18.6 9.3 62.62-63=-0.38 33.48-33=0.48 18.6-18=0.6 9.3-9=0.3 SC-19
125 63.125 33.75 18.75 9.375 63.125-63=0.125 33.75-33=0.75 18.75-19=-0.25 9.375-9=0.375 UR-64
126 63.63 34.02 18.9 9.45 63.63-64=-0.37 34.02-33=1.02 18.9-19=-0.1 9.45-9=0.45 OBC-34
127 64.135 34.29 19.05 9.525 64.135-64=0.135 34.29-34=0.29 19.05-19=0.05 9.525-9=0.525 UR-65
128 64.64 34.56 19.2 9.6 64.64-65=-0.36 34.56-34=0.56 19.2-19=0.2 9.6-9=0.6 ST-10
129 65.145 34.83 19.35 9.675 65.145-65=0.145 34.83-34=0.83 19.35-19=0.35 9.675-10=-0.325 UR-66
130 65.65 35.1 19.5 9.75 65.65-66=-0.35 35.1-34=1.1 19.5-19=0.5 9.75-10=-0.25 OBC-35
131 66.155 35.37 19.65 9.825 66.155-66=0.155 35.37-35=0.37 19.65-19=0.65 9.825-10=-0.175 UR-67
132 66.66 35.64 19.8 9.9 66.66-67=-0.34 35.64-35=0.64 19.8-19=0.8 9.9-10=-0.1 SC-20
133 67.165 35.91 19.95 9.975 67.165-67=0.165 35.91-35=0.91 19.95-20=-0.05 9.975-10=-0.025 UR-68
134 67.67 36.18 20.1 10.05 67.67-68=-0.33 36.18-35=1.18 20.1-20=0.1 10.05-10=0.05 OBC-36
135 68.175 36.45 20.25 10.125 68.175-68=0.175 36.45-36=0.45 20.25-20=0.25 10.125-10=0.125 UR-69
136 68.68 36.72 20.4 10.2 68.68-69=-0.32 36.72-36=0.72 20.4-20=0.4 10.2-10=0.2 OBC-37
137 69.185 36.99 20.55 10.275 69.185-69=0.185 36.99-37=-0.01 20.55-20=0.55 10.275-10=0.275 UR-70
138 69.69 37.26 20.7 10.35 69.69-70=-0.31 37.26-37=0.26 20.7-20=0.7 10.35-10=0.35 SC-21
139 70.195 37.53 20.85 10.425 70.195-70=0.195 37.53-37=0.53 20.85-21=-0.15 10.425-10=0.425 UR-71
140 70.7 37.8 21 10.5 70.7-71=-0.3 37.8-37=0.8 21-21=0 10.5-10=0.5 OBC-38
141 71.205 38.07 21.15 10.575 71.205-71=0.205 38.07-38=0.07 21.15-21=0.15 10.575-10=0.575 UR-72
142 71.71 38.34 21.3 10.65 71.71-72=-0.29 38.34-38=0.34 21.3-21=0.3 10.65-10=0.65 ST-11
143 72.215 38.61 21.45 10.725 72.215-72=0.215 38.61-38=0.61 21.45-21=0.45 10.725-11=-0.275 UR-73
144 72.72 38.88 21.6 10.8 72.72-73=-0.28 38.88-38=0.88 21.6-21=0.6 10.8-11=-0.2 OBC-39
145 73.225 39.15 21.75 10.875 73.225-73=0.225 39.15-39=0.15 21.75-21=0.75 10.875-11=-0.125 UR-74
146 73.73 39.42 21.9 10.95 73.73-74=-0.27 39.42-39=0.42 21.9-21=0.9 10.95-11=-0.05 SC-22
147 74.235 39.69 22.05 11.025 74.235-74=0.235 39.69-39=0.69 22.05-22=0.05 11.025-11=0.025 UR-75
148 74.74 39.96 22.2 11.1 74.74-75=-0.26 39.96-39=0.96 22.2-22=0.2 11.1-11=0.1 OBC-40
149 75.245 40.23 22.35 11.175 75.245-75=0.245 40.23-40=0.23 22.35-22=0.35 11.175-11=0.175 UR-76
150 75.75 40.5 22.5 11.25 75.75-76=-0.25 40.5-40=0.5 22.5-22=0.5 11.25-11=0.25 SC-23
151 76.255 40.77 22.65 11.325 76.255-76=0.255 40.77-40=0.77 22.65-23=-0.35 11.325-11=0.325 UR-77
152 76.76 41.04 22.8 11.4 76.76-77=-0.24 41.04-40=1.04 22.8-23=-0.2 11.4-11=0.4 OBC-41
153 77.265 41.31 22.95 11.475 77.265-77=0.265 41.31-41=0.31 22.95-23=-0.05 11.475-11=0.475 UR-78
154 77.77 41.58 23.1 11.55 77.77-78=-0.23 41.58-41=0.58 23.1-23=0.1 11.55-11=0.55 OBC-42
155 78.275 41.85 23.25 11.625 78.275-78=0.275 41.85-42=-0.15 23.25-23=0.25 11.625-11=0.625 UR-79
156 78.78 42.12 23.4 11.7 78.78-79=-0.22 42.12-42=0.12 23.4-23=0.4 11.7-11=0.7 ST-12
157 79.285 42.39 23.55 11.775 79.285-79=0.285 42.39-42=0.39 23.55-23=0.55 11.775-12=-0.225 UR-80
158 79.79 42.66 23.7 11.85 79.79-80=-0.21 42.66-42=0.66 23.7-23=0.7 11.85-12=-0.15 SC-24
159 80.295 42.93 23.85 11.925 80.295-80=0.295 42.93-42=0.93 23.85-24=-0.15 11.925-12=-0.075 UR-81
160 80.8 43.2 24 12 80.8-81=-0.2 43.2-42=1.2 24-24=0 12-12=0 OBC-43
161 81.305 43.47 24.15 12.075 81.305-81=0.305 43.47-43=0.47 24.15-24=0.15 12.075-12=0.075 UR-82
162 81.81 43.74 24.3 12.15 81.81-82=-0.19 43.74-43=0.74 24.3-24=0.3 12.15-12=0.15 OBC-44
163 82.315 44.01 24.45 12.225 82.315-82=0.315 44.01-44=0.01 24.45-24=0.45 12.225-12=0.225 UR-83
164 82.82 44.28 24.6 12.3 82.82-83=-0.18 44.28-44=0.28 24.6-24=0.6 12.3-12=0.3 SC-25
165 83.325 44.55 24.75 12.375 83.325-83=0.325 44.55-44=0.55 24.75-25=-0.25 12.375-12=0.375 UR-84
166 83.83 44.82 24.9 12.45 83.83-84=-0.17 44.82-44=0.82 24.9-25=-0.1 12.45-12=0.45 OBC-45
167 84.335 45.09 25.05 12.525 84.335-84=0.335 45.09-45=0.09 25.05-25=0.05 12.525-12=0.525 UR-85
168 84.84 45.36 25.2 12.6 84.84-85=-0.16 45.36-45=0.36 25.2-25=0.2 12.6-12=0.6 ST-13
169 85.345 45.63 25.35 12.675 85.345-85=0.345 45.63-45=0.63 25.35-25=0.35 12.675-13=-0.325 UR-86
170 85.85 45.9 25.5 12.75 85.85-86=-0.15 45.9-45=0.9 25.5-25=0.5 12.75-13=-0.25 OBC-46
171 86.355 46.17 25.65 12.825 86.355-86=0.355 46.17-46=0.17 25.65-25=0.65 12.825-13=-0.175 UR-87
172 86.86 46.44 25.8 12.9 86.86-87=-0.14 46.44-46=0.44 25.8-25=0.8 12.9-13=-0.1 SC-26
173 87.365 46.71 25.95 12.975 87.365-87=0.365 46.71-46=0.71 25.95-26=-0.05 12.975-13=-0.025 UR-88
174 87.87 46.98 26.1 13.05 87.87-88=-0.13 46.98-46=0.98 26.1-26=0.1 13.05-13=0.05 OBC-47
175 88.375 47.25 26.25 13.125 88.375-88=0.375 47.25-47=0.25 26.25-26=0.25 13.125-13=0.125 UR-89
176 88.88 47.52 26.4 13.2 88.88-89=-0.12 47.52-47=0.52 26.4-26=0.4 13.2-13=0.2 OBC-48
177 89.385 47.79 26.55 13.275 89.385-89=0.385 47.79-48=-0.21 26.55-26=0.55 13.275-13=0.275 UR-90
178 89.89 48.06 26.7 13.35 89.89-90=-0.11 48.06-48=0.06 26.7-26=0.7 13.35-13=0.35 SC-27
179 90.395 48.33 26.85 13.425 90.395-90=0.395 48.33-48=0.33 26.85-27=-0.15 13.425-13=0.425 UR-91
180 90.9 48.6 27 13.5 90.9-91=-0.1 48.6-48=0.6 27-27=0 13.5-13=0.5 OBC-49
181 91.405 48.87 27.15 13.575 91.405-91=0.405 48.87-49=-0.13 27.15-27=0.15 13.575-13=0.575 UR-92
182 91.91 49.14 27.3 13.65 91.91-92=-0.09 49.14-49=0.14 27.3-27=0.3 13.65-13=0.65 ST-14
183 92.415 49.41 27.45 13.725 92.415-92=0.415 49.41-49=0.41 27.45-27=0.45 13.725-14=-0.275 UR-93
184 92.92 49.68 27.6 13.8 92.92-93=-0.08 49.68-49=0.68 27.6-27=0.6 13.8-14=-0.2 OBC-50
185 93.425 49.95 27.75 13.875 93.425-93=0.425 49.95-50=-0.05 27.75-27=0.75 13.875-14=-0.125 UR-94
186 93.93 50.22 27.9 13.95 93.93-94=-0.07 50.22-50=0.22 27.9-27=0.9 13.95-14=-0.05 SC-28
187 94.435 50.49 28.05 14.025 94.435-94=0.435 50.49-50=0.49 28.05-28=0.05 14.025-14=0.025 UR-95
188 94.94 50.76 28.2 14.1 94.94-95=-0.06 50.76-50=0.76 28.2-28=0.2 14.1-14=0.1 OBC-51
189 95.445 51.03 28.35 14.175 95.445-95=0.445 51.03-51=0.03 28.35-28=0.35 14.175-14=0.175 UR-96
190 95.95 51.3 28.5 14.25 95.95-96=-0.05 51.3-51=0.3 28.5-28=0.5 14.25-14=0.25 SC-29
191 96.455 51.57 28.65 14.325 96.455-96=0.455 51.57-51=0.57 28.65-29=-0.35 14.325-14=0.325 UR-97
192 96.96 51.84 28.8 14.4 96.96-97=-0.04 51.84-51=0.84 28.8-29=-0.2 14.4-14=0.4 OBC-52
193 97.465 52.11 28.95 14.475 97.465-97=0.465 52.11-52=0.11 28.95-29=-0.05 14.475-14=0.475 UR-98
194 97.97 52.38 29.1 14.55 97.97-98=-0.03 52.38-52=0.38 29.1-29=0.1 14.55-14=0.55 ST-15
195 98.475 52.65 29.25 14.625 98.475-98=0.475 52.65-52=0.65 29.25-29=0.25 14.625-15=-0.375 UR-99
196 98.98 52.92 29.4 14.7 98.98-99=-0.02 52.92-52=0.92 29.4-29=0.4 14.7-15=-0.3 OBC-53
197 99.485 53.19 29.55 14.775 99.485-99=0.485 53.19-53=0.19 29.55-29=0.55 14.775-15=-0.225 UR-100
198 99.99 53.46 29.7 14.85 99.99-100=-0.01 53.46-53=0.46 29.7-29=0.7 14.85-15=-0.15 SC-30
199 100.495 53.73 29.85 14.925 100.495-100=0.495 53.73-53=0.73 29.85-30=-0.15 14.925-15=-0.075 UR-101
200 101 54 30 15 101-101=0 54-53=1 30-30=0 15-15=0 OBC-54

n the proposed new roster, the positions are distributed in such a manner that at any given serial no. of post, the open quota is always above 50.5% and the category posts too are very near to 49.5% at that serial no. of post. While the respective category wise reservation is completed at serial no. of post 200 in the roster as done in the DoPT model roster (Table-1). Instead of all fractional points getting transferred to the UR as shown in Table-1 and Figure-1, these are transferred among the categories. So, from the 3rd serial no. of posts onwards, every alternate serial no. of post is reserved except at 2 and 101, which are earmarked for UR (Table-2). The earmarking of serial no. of posts 1 and 2 as well as 100 and 101 for UR is due to 101 posts out of 200 being required to be in open quota. This will end the cluster of posts, both reserved and UR, and ensure equal sharing of all available posts. In the existing roster, swapping of share of entitlements or surplus value among categories happens right at the end in order to fulfill prescribed percentage (Table-1). However, in the proposed new roster, the swapping happens but right from the beginning so that the adequate representation is consistently ensured.

Figure-2: Variation of surplus value with serial number of post for unreserved (UR), other backward class (OBC), scheduled caste (SC) and scheduled tribe (ST) in the proposed roster.

Note: As can be seen from the above figure., only the serial no. of posts with positive surplus for UR and reserved categories are earmarked for them. In other words, unlike the DoPT model roster, no posts are allotted on negative surplus for reserved or unreserved. This, as is evident from less dispersion from the zero-line or prescribed percentage, makes the proposed roster very balanced in contrast to the DoPT model roster, where the dispersion from the zero-line prescribed percentage is very large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

If this proposed roster is implemented, the following advantages will accrue:

  1. No continuous posts will be allocated for reserved categories (OBC, SC and ST).This will forever eliminate the possibility of reserved and UR clusters in the roster thereby ensuring the constitutional principles of representation to deprived sections of the society and equal opportunity for all.
  2. By following the proposed roster, violation of the Constitution as pointed out by the Allahabad High Court (AHC, 2017) can be avoided. Irrespective of whether the university / college or the department / subject is regarded as a unit, the distribution of posts will strictly observe all relevant Constitutional stipulations and uphold the affirmative principles. This will also put to an end the needless controversy regarding department wise and university wise roster. According to the Allahabad High Court (AHC, 2017):

If the University is taken as a ‘Unit’ for every level of teaching and applying the roster it could result into some departments/subjects having all reserved candidates and some having only unreserved candidates. Such proposition again would be discriminatory and unreasonable. This again would be violative of Article 14 and 16 of the Constitution.

  1. Even in small departments, reservation for OBCs, SCs and STs can be achieved to a great extend without compromising the 50.5% allocation for UR. This is especially useful for academic institutions that is universities, institutes, and colleges.
  2. Even in bigger departments, the roster will not result in cluster of reserved and UR posts.
  3. The prescribed percentage for unreserved and reserved is maintained at every serial no. of post at the time of recruitment.
  4. No arbitrary allocation of posts to a reserved category when two or more reserved categories are entitled for the same point in roster. The surplus value sharing scheme ensures that no arbitrary allocation happens as with the existing DoPT model roster.
  5. This proposed model is also easier to understand. This helps in determining positions in roster with ease and, therefore, any concerned official can ensure effective implementation of reservation policy.

Conclusion

Thus, it is time for the existing method of preparing roster with so many errors and infirmities to be replaced with a more progressive and logical one. From the above analysis, it is evident that instead of ensuring representation of OBCs, SCs, and STs in public sector and government jobs, this roster has provided ambiguities that are amply used by authorities to thwart the very objective of reservation. The proposed alternative method of roster preparation in this paper ensures strict earmarking of posts to various categories through the alternate distribution of posts between UR and reserved categories. Besides eliminating cluster of posts (both UR and reserved), the proposed method allows for seamless flow of points by ensuring proper entitlement to every group at all points or serial no. of posts in the roster within the prescribed percentage of reservation (49.5%). The new proposed model guarantees social justice. This will also help to eliminate the possibility of manipulations by appointing authorities to divert / minimize reservation and will be a great enabling step towards our dream of an inclusive society and will guarantee constitutional rights.

Reference

Singh, K. (1995), ‘R. K. Sabharwal And Ors vs State of Punjab and Ors’, 10 February, 1995, Supreme Court of India, 1995 AIR 1371, 1995 SCC (2) 745, available at https://indiankanoon.org/doc/1871744/

SCTC (2015), ‘Role of Educational Institutions Including Universities, Technical, Medical and Engineering in Socio-Economic Development of SCs and STs – Implementation of Reservation Policy in University of Delhi’ Fifth Report, Sixteenth Lok Sabha, Ministry of Human Resource Development (Department of Higher Education),Parliamentary Standing Committees, Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes 2015, New Delhi, SCTC No. 791, available at http://164.100.47.193/lsscommittee/Welfare%20of%20Scheduled%20Castes%20and%20Scheduled%20Tribes/16_Welfare_of_Scheduled_Castes_and_Scheduled_Tribes_5.pdf

UGC (2006), ‘For Strict observation on Reservation Policy of the Government in Universities, Deemed to be Universities, Colleges and other Grant-in-Aid institutions and Centres’, University Grant Commission, New Delhi, August 25, 2006, No. F. 1-5/2006 (SCT), available at https://www.ugc.ac.in/pdfnews/7633178_English.pdf

DU (2013), ‘Minutes of the meeting of the executive council, University of Delhi, Delhi, held on Saturday, September 28th, 2013, Resolution Number 64, available at http://www.du.ac.in/du/uploads/Administration/EC/2013-2014/111113_EC_28.09.2013.pdf

UGC (2018), ‘Implementation of Reservation Policy of the Government of India’, University Grant Commission, New Delhi, March 5th, 2018, No. F.1-5/2006 (SCT), available at https://www.ugc.ac.in/pdfnews/1121433_reservation_policy1-2018.pdf

DoPT (1997), ‘Reservation roster- Post based – Implementation of the Supreme Court Judgement in the case of R.K. sabharwal Vs. State of Punjab’, Office Memorandum (1997), No.- 36012/2/96 Estt (Res), Government of Indi, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension (Department of Personnel and Training), July 2nd 1997, available at http://ccis.nic.in/WriteReadData/CircularPortal/D2/D02adm/36012_2_96_Estt(Res).pdf

AHC (2017), ‘Implementation of Reservation Policy for SC/ST in Universities and Colleges’, Allahabad High Court, WRIT – A, No. 43260 of 2016, available at http://elegalix.allahabadhighcourt.in/elegalix/WebShowJudgment.do

DDUC (2014), ‘Minutes of the Governing Body Meeting Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, Held on Wednesday, 26th November, 2014’, available at , https://dducollegedu.ac.in/Datafiles/cms/file/GB%20Minutes%2026.11.2014.pdf

About Authors:  (1) Dr. P. L. Meena is an Assistant Professor of Physics at Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College (University of Delhi), Sector – 3, Dwarka, New Delhi-110078 India. He worked as SC/ST Liaison Officer of the college from 2015 to 2017. Before joining the present college, he was scientist at Inter-University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi. He also got offer as a faculty of physics from BHU, Varansi and IGNU, New Delhi. He received his M. Sc. (COSIST) degree in Physics from Department of Physics, University of Rajasthan and the Ph. D. degree in Condensed Matter Physics from Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi. He has also qualified NET-JRF Fellowship (Secured place among the top 20% JRF awardees in Sciences) of CSIR-HRD, New Delhi and GATE Fellowship. He has published several research articles in the journal of international and national repute. He can be contacted at plmeena@gmail.com, plmeena@ddu.du.ac.in Mobile  No. +91 9555050549; (2) Dr. Mukesh Kumar Meena is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Ramjas College (University of Delhi), University Enclave, Delhi-11007, India; (3) Dr Rohith P. is an Assistant Professor of English at Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College (University of Delhi), Sector – 3, Dwarka, New Delhi-110078, India.

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